Pomeranians are very special little dogs. What they lack in size, they sure make up for in personality. They have a thick, fluffy coat and adorable almond eyes. As soon as you see your Pom pup you will fall in love with them and will want to do all you can to keep them fit and healthy.
Their diet is very important in maintaining their health. They need calorie-rich food that is of a very high quality. They cannot eat large quantities at one time so what they do eat has to do them a lot of good. They need a high protein content that is provided by a quality source such as lean meat or fish. They also need a kibble that is small in size to suit their delicate mouth and that smells great so even fussy eaters will be attracted to it.
Pomeranian dog food needs to provide a balanced diet formulated just for small dogs. To help you make the right decision for your Pom, here is our guide to the best dog food for Pomeranians.
Best Dog Food for Pomeranians Buying Guide & FAQ
What to Consider When Buying Dog Food for Pomeranians
The huge choice of food for Pomeranians can be a little overwhelming and it can be difficult to know where to start. Obviously, you want to choose the best food that you can but what should you look for? Here are some of the things you should consider when looking for when choosing Pomeranian dog food.
- Size of kibble. Small dogs like Pomeranians often suffer from dental problems. They have delicate jaws and teeth and cannot chew hard big kibble. Small kibble will scrape off the plaque from their teeth and will help to prevent gum disease.
- Protein content. Check out the minimum crude protein content. Pomeranians need food with high protein content because they cannot eat large quantities. Look for figures around 25 to 30 percent to build healthy muscle and to support cell repair. A high-fat content is also preferable.
- Protein source. Protein can be provided by animal sources or plant sources. Your Pomeranian needs a high-quality animal protein source such as free-range chicken. Fish and bison are good options too.
- Carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are necessary for a balanced Pomeranian diet but they need to be easy-to-digest and high quality. Look for ingredients such as peas, sweet potatoes, and protein.
- Will it trigger allergies? Pomeranians can have delicate digestions and can have food sensitivities and allergies. For this reason, many foods are free from wheat, soy and corn and these are a good option for your Pom.
- Probiotics. These are colonies of bacteria that live in a dog’s gut and help to keep the digestive system healthy. Poms can suffer from digestive issues so look for a food that has probiotics such as Lactobacillus.
- Micro-nutrients. These are vitally important for a small dogs health. Look out Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals.
Nutritional Needs of Pomeranians
Obviously, you want to do all you can to keep your dear little Pom as healthy as possible. Their diet plays a key role in this so you need to be aware of the nutritional requirements of a Pomeranian. The following need to be on your Pomeranian dog food list.
- They need small and regular meals
When it comes to canine health, the general rule is that the smaller the dog, the faster the metabolism. Poms are very small and therefore have a very fast metabolism.
They use up calories quickly but cannot take much food in at one sitting because their stomach is small. Therefore, they need calorie-dense food in small portions served at least twice a day. Pomeranian puppy food needs to be especially packed with calories.
- They need their calorie intake to be controlled
Pomeranians can suffer from obesity and that is very bad for their health. For that reason, free-feeding is not advisable and they should have structured meals.
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Also, Pomeranian dog food needs to be high in protein but lower in carbohydrate. The carbohydrates that they do consume should be very easy to digest and pumpkin and sweet potato are good options.
- They need small kibble
Poms have small, delicate jaws and they cannot cope with large kibble. Pomeranian food needs to be supplied in small shapes. Also, they can suffer from dental problems caused by a build-up of plaque.
Irregularly shaped kibble will help to scrape it off and keep their teeth healthy.
- They need antioxidants
Pomeranians can live to a ripe old age which is fantastic news. Your task is to make sure that they stay healthy into their old age. Free radicals in the environment and in food can take their toll on an older dog’s body and cause diseases such as cancer. A diet packed with superfoods such as broccoli and blueberries will provide them with the antioxidants they need to stay healthy for many years.
- They need micro-nutrients
Their diet must deliver exactly the right combination of micro-nutrients. In particular, probiotics will be helpful to maintain the healthy function of their delicate intestines. Omega oils are also essential to keep their coat healthy.
Ingredients to Avoid Feeding Your Pomeranian
There are some foods that you may want to avoid feeding your Pomeranian.
Poor quality protein. Poms can only take in a small amount of food at a time so it must be of the highest quality. Avoid poor quality proteins such as that provided by meat by-product meals.
Excess carbohydrates. Your Pomeranian may be tiny but they can get fat! Obesity is a real health concern in small dogs so you need the carbohydrates in their food to be high-quality. It is best to avoid grains and instead look for easy-to-digest carbohydrates such as pumpkin and sweet potato.
Food allergens. Poms can have very delicate digestion and many are sensitive to certain food ingredients. Some Pom owners choose to avoid grains, corn, wheat, and soy because they can trigger allergic reactions.
Fillers. Cheap fillers will not provide the nutrition and calories that your little dog needs. Pom’s need nutrient-dense foods and cheap food packed with fillers will not suit them at all.
Artificial additives. As they are sensitive little dogs, it is best to keep their diet as natural as possible to support the friendly bacteria in their intestine. Avoid foods that have artificial flavors and preservatives.
Potential Health Problems for Pomeranians
Pomeranians can grow up to 11 inches tall and reach seven pounds in weight. They can live for up to 18 years and like to be moderately active. As with many breeds, they can suffer from some health problems.
- Dental problems
Pomeranians have small, dainty mouths and their teeth are often over-crowded. Food gets stuck between them and plaque soon builds up. Without very careful dental care, which should include daily brushing, gum and dental problems can develop.
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Pomeranians can develop hypothyroidism because their thyroid gland does not make sufficient thyroid hormone. Their coat can become dry and brittle and they can put on weight.
- Patellar luxation
This is a problem with the knee joint where the bones in the hind leg do not align properly and the kneecap (patellar) gets pushed out of line. It causes pain and difficulty walking.
- Eye Problems
Pomeranians can suffer from cataracts where the eye lens clouds over and retinal dysplasia which is a deformation of the back of the eyeball. One of the most common eye problems in Pomeranians is distichiasis. This is a congenital condition where eyelashes grow inward and touch the eyeball causing irritation, scarring and eventually loss of vision.
Hypoglycemia is a condition that can affect many small dog breeds. It occurs when the blood sugar level falls because it has been used up quickly by the dog’s fast metabolism. It can make them lethargic and weak and can lead to unconsciousness and death.
Best Dog Food for Pomeranians FAQ:
Q: What dog food should I feed my Pomeranian puppy?
A: Pomeranian pups are tiny! This means that they have super-fast metabolisms and will burn up calories very quickly. They have small stomachs and cannot take much food on board at one time so they can quickly run out of energy.
They need regular small meals to keep their blood sugar levels topped up. The best food for Pomeranian pups needs to be calorie-rich so they are getting plenty of energy per pound of food. Food that is formulated specifically for small breed pups will have a high protein and fat content to deliver sufficient calories and carefully balanced micro-nutrients to support a growing pup.
Q: How often should I feed my Pomeranians?
A: Pomeranians burn off calories very quickly and cannot eat a large meal at one sitting because their stomachs are so small. It is important to get the balance right when it comes to feeding your Pomeranian. They can become obese if you overfeed them and this leads to several health issues including joint problems.
Your vet or an experienced breeder will be able to recommend a feeding schedule based on your Pom’s age, size, and activity level. As a general guide, Pom pups could need up to four meals a day but adult dogs will need two.
Q: How much should I feed my Pomeranian?
A: This depends on their age, their activity levels and how big they are. Feeding guides are usually included with specific food because they all have different calorie levels.
For many foods, you would be recommended to feed a one-pound puppy a half a cup of food a day but a six or seven-pound adult would need two cups a day. Pregnant, nursing and senior dogs may have different feeding requirements.
Q: What is the best dog food for Pomeranian with gas?
A: Small dogs like the Pomeranians can have problems with excess flatulence and often have a sensitive digestion. Many owners find that they can bring the problem under control by switching to a high-quality dog food that is high in protein and that has a carefully controlled fiber content.
Foods with probiotics can also help because they support the friendly bacteria in the intestine that help with digestion. If the problem continues, you should speak to your vet because your Pom could have a food allergy. Your vet can advise you on how to start an elimination diet.
Our Top Pick
Wellness Core Natural Grain Free Dry Dog Food Small Breed – our top pick has a crude protein content of 36 percent which is provided by deboned turkey, turkey meal and chicken meal. The carbohydrate content is carefully controlled and includes peas and potatoes.
There are antioxidants, Omega oils and probiotics and the calorie content is formulated just for small dogs. The kibble is small in size and contains no grains and no soy.