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Canister filters help to purify the water of your aquarium. There are numerous advantages to these systems that take care of the three main filtration tasks. If you are on the market for one, we have compiled some of the best canister filters in our guide below.
Designed for both freshwater and marine environments, this canister filter is suitable for aquariums of up to 200 gallons. Even in tighter cabinets, you can fit the filter comfortably as the valves rotate 360-degrees. You can prime the filter easily using the push button design.
As for the media baskets, these are extra large to allow you maximum customizability of the media. Some of the other included features that you get with this canister filter include a spray bar, directional spout, filter medium, and tubing.
Suitable for aquariums up to 400 gallons in capacity, this high-performance filter can pump out as many as 925 gallons of water per hour. As many things in your household are becoming ‘smart’ these days, you can do the same for your aquarium filter. This one optimizes its own performance using sophisticated microchip technology.
This self-starting device makes it easy to install in your aquarium. You can just add some water, plug it in, and this smart pump will take care of whatever else is needed. You can even remove and stack the media baskets to eliminate water bypass.
Suitable for all saltwater and freshwater aquariums
The best value option on our list is this one from Marineland. The design is made to offer a tight water seal, and you can take off the top to access the media baskets easily. Helping to remove fine debris from the water is a polishing filter pad.
There are four different sizes available depending on the dimensions of your aquarium. To access the media baskets, you simply have to lift up the lid. Both installation and maintenance have been made to be spill-free.
Designed to offer complete filtration to your aquarium, the filtration provided is chemical, biological, and mechanical. This helps to keep the environment healthy for any marine life that you have living in it.
This is also a canister filter that has been designed with ease of use firmly in mind. But longevity has also been closely considered, which you can tell from the versatile filter chamber and easy priming feature.
ZooMed’s nano 30 filter canister is designed to be the perfect for tanks up to 30 gallons in size. It is a simple but effective design, with an adjustable flow control system to get the best out of its filtration. Additionally, it is a universal design, meaning it can be used with both seawater and freshwater aquariums, with a small design that can fit comfortably into any tank you choose to use it with.
The easy-to-open filter head makes cleaning and maintenance simple and easy. Previous customers of the Nano 30 filter have vouched for its reliability, calling it “cheap yet trustworthy”. With many customers using the same unit for years without any problems. The only criticism seems to be that the user instructions could be a little bit clearer, however, this comment is rarely seen.
Suitable for tanks up to 30 gallons.
Can be used with both freshwater and seawater aquariums.
The design of this external fish tank filter has a raised lip that keeps operation smoother. The locking clamps allow you to attach and release the filter when maintenance and cleaning are required.
This system is now the seventh version of this filter from Fluval, and it has proven to be a popular choice. It combines power and reliability, but it retains its quiet operation volume and energy efficiency.
Powerful canister filter
Suitable for freshwater and saltwater environments
The SunSun Pro canister filter kit comes with everything you will need to get your filtration system up and running. This includes one set of bio balls, one pound of ceramic rings, one pound of filter carbon, 3 White Filter Pads, 1 Blue Coarse Pad, 3 Media Baskets, and hoses. This particular filter is also suitable for aquariums anywhere up to 100 gallons and is capable of processing 370 gallons an hour.
Happy customers have said that the SunSun filter is not only durable, long-lasting, and effective, but also extremely quiet. Additionally, when compared with other filters it has proven to be a preferred choice. However, some have said that it can be quite messy to clean. But if you don’t mind a bit of mess once in a while, then that shouldn’t be an issue.
Suitable for up to 100 gallons.
Includes 1lb of Ceramic Rings, 1lb of Premium Filter Carbon, and 1 Set of Bio Balls.
Helps to kill algae spores and bacteria.
Filter media improves water color, clarity, and odor.
Designed to fit with filter sponges, loose media or both, you have a great deal of flexibility with the filtration setup. It comes with the filter media, valves, and a host of accessories that are designed to simplify the filtration experience.
As for the design of the product, it has made to be simple, while still offering a high level of efficiency. Flow rate has been calculated to provide maximum accuracy.
Flow rate of 164 GPH
Simple and efficient design
Suitable for tanks up to 95 gallons
Includes all accessories needed for successful startup
Aqueon’s QuietFlow aquarium filter is available in three sizes, ranging from being compatible with a 55-gallon tank, all the way up to a 150-gallon tank. It is equipped with multi-stage filtration which includes biological, chemical, and mechanical stages in order to help keep your tank clean and toxin-free. It is suitable for both fresh and seawater aquariums, with the quick disconnect valve, pump locking heads, and hoses included in the package.
It has been much loved by the vast majority of customers, with some explaining how it was relatively simple to set up, with clear and helpful instructions. Not only that, but many customers have actually claimed that this canister filter has convinced them to change from the hang-on-back design that they were used to. Namely, this was thanks to the extremely quiet design that the name suggests, with multiple customers describing it as “whisper quiet”.
Available for 55 gallons, 55-100 gallons, and 110-150 gallons.
Multi-stage filtration includes chemical, biological, and mechanical.
Quick disconnect valve, pump locking heads, and hoses included.
hang-on-the-back water polishing unit makes maintenance easy and quick.
Suitable for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums.
The Polar Aurora is a sleek, modern, design aquarium filter, made to complement any tank it ends up with. This filter is also available in four different GPH setups, ranging from 265GPH to 525GPH. The design of this filter includes three media trays that can handle various filtration media, as well as an adjustable spray bar which is ideal for helping you to adjust the output flow. It has been created to minimize leaks, spills, and clogging, as well as being easy to clear out.
Hundreds of customers have purchased this filter, with many saying it has proven to be a worthwhile investment thanks to its durability and effectiveness. One customer goes into detail about their purchase saying they have had it running in an indoor pond for over a year without a single hitch. Additionally, it has only needed cleaning once every couple of months.
Available in 265GPH, 266GPH, 370GPH, 525GPH.
3 media trays capable of handling a variety of filtration media.
Self-priming pump removes the need for manual siphoning.
O-Ring with vaseline prevents slipping and leaking.
Best Canister Filter For Aquarium Buying Guide & FAQ
What to Consider When Buying a Canister Filter
Your aquarium requirements
When choosing a canister filter, it needs to match your aquarium filtration requirements as closely as possible. The two most important points to bear in mind are the capabilities of the filter and your own filtration requirements. It needs to be able to handle the volume of water, as well as the specific marine environment. Not all filters work for all tank sizes. Always read the product description to match your tank as closely as possible. Also, check the dimensions of the canister filter itself, so you know exactly where you can keep it.
GPH stands for gallons per hour, and you should be comparing this figure up against the size of your aquarium. The filter you choose should turn over at least four times the volume of water. And it is a good idea to go for more filtration as filters can lose flow rate over time.
Durability is important as it means that you won’t keep having to replace the filter time after time. Most are made of plastic, but you still want to check for an estimated shelf life and possibly read reports from previous purchasers. Also, look out for any further guarantees like warranty arrangements.
A good motor will help with pumping the water into the external aquarium filter. As well as doing this job effectively, you also need to choose one that is effective and without a huge amount of maintenance. And also consider how loud and disturbing the motor is likely to be.
The intake and output of a filter are controlled by two valves. If these stay firmly closed, you will not have to take apart the filter for maintenance. And if you can disconnect them entirely, you can do water changes easier with the use of a gravel vacuum or adapter.
Benefits of Using a Canister Filter
Better flow rates
A major advantage that draws many people to fish tank canister filters is their improved flow rate, which can rank in the hundreds of gallons per hour. This speeds up the entire filtration of your aquarium, which makes the cleaning process a lot more straightforward.
Compared to setting up other types of filters, canister setup is relatively straightforward. Instructions should be clear, and you should ensure that you follow them closely.
Flexible media choice
Canister filters come with various types of media filtration. Of course, you need to know how this works before purchase. Look up the amount of maintenance required for each type of media before selection. You don’t want to have to take your filter in for maintenance too regularly.
With the correct manual and tools, cleaning canister filters should be easy. The design of most of them allows for easy disassembly, so you can access each component for cleaning. You should then be able to reassemble and reinstall your filter too.
Many of these filters don’t produce a lot of noise and vibrations, which means that they are less likely to disturb your household.
High level of mechanical filtration
The whole point of filtering the water in your fish tank is to get rid of dirt and debris. Canister filters are highly suited to this task, giving your marine life the kind of clean environment that they require to survive and thrive.
Types of Filter – HOB vs. Canister
Both canister and hang on back (HOB) filters are commonly used by fish tank owners. And they all have their individual pros and cons.
First, you have the canister filters, which sits beside or underneath the aquarium. A set of hoses clean the tank water. After extracting water from the aquarium, it runs into the filter, and is pressurized through filter media, doing all mechanical, chemical, and biological filtration in one go. When the water is filtered, the clean H2O is returned via another filter. The dirt is separated into another container. In most cases, the pump is already built into the device and you don’t have to get another.
As for a HOB filter, this doesn’t come with any hoses to extract the water. As it says in the name, it hangs off the back of the tank, drawing water with a lift tube and pump. A range of filter media cleans the water, completing all stages of filtration. A spillway then returns the filtered water.
Now, let’s look at the main differences. HOB filters are often cheaper as canister filters are known for doing the job more successfully. Also, canister filters are built to work with bigger tanks over a longer period of time. As for installation, HOB filters are quite easy as they simply clip onto the back of the aquarium. As long as you have space behind the tank, they don’t take up too much room. Canister filters stand alone and you often have to put them underneath, so you need to ensure that you have the room. They tend to be a little more complicated to install. Ultimately, it comes down to your needs.
Different Stages of Aquarium Filtration
There are three main stages of aquarium filtration that a good-quality filter produces.
First, the mechanical filtration stage kicks in. During this part, all solid waste is trapped. This includes feces, dead plant matter, and uneaten food.
Chemical filter media
As an aquarium is a closed system, waste can decompose, which leads to chemical changes in the environment. Chemical media such as activated carbon serves to absorb some of the toxins and reduce the chemical change. However, you will still need to replace aquarium water as chemical changes are not entirely absorbed.
During the final stage of filtration, biological media is used to break down difficult bacteria. In an aquarium, toxic ammonia results from sources like plant matter, fish waste, and uneaten food. The media works to break this down into nitrites and then nitrates.
Best Canister Filter For Aquarium FAQ:
Q: What is a canister filter and how does it work?
A: A canister filter is a piece of equipment that mounts to the exterior of an aquarium with one piece inside. There are adjustable inlet and outlet fittings that allow the water to flow in and out of the filter. There is also an in-tank pump to push the water into the canister for filtration. Once the filter is full, the pump forces the water out again. But before this it will pass through a range of filtration layers. Membranes inside work to capture bacteria and debris, only letting clean water back in again. The filter needs plenty of maintenance, and you should clean all the individual components.
Q: How do I prime a canister filter?
A: Once you have properly assembled the canister filter, you should then submerge it in the tank, before plugging it in. Next, you should plug it in, tilt the canister on its side, submerge the impeller, and begin the suction. Hold it in place for a while, tilt it upwards to expunge the air, and it should not be primed.
Q: How often should I clean canister filter?
A: This varies from one model to another, as well as how often you use the aquarium canister filter. Read the instructions for more information. As a general rule of thumb, you should clean it every three months.
Our Top Pick
Looking back at our best choice canister filter, it has five media baskets which serve to purify the water. Working at 350 GPH, it is suitable for aquariums of 200 gallons in capacity. You can use the push button primer to get the filter primed and ready to use. You can choose the combination of media that offers the ideal cleaning to your tank. There are two rotating valve taps and a swimming pool-style hose clamps. You have the option of removing the flow valves while keeping the intake and output hoses in the tank. All of this adds up to making it our number one choice of best canister filter.
Eloise is the owner of a Malamute/Akita cross, a first-time mum, and an animal enthusiast from England. She comes from a family which has never gone a day without a pet (or 3!), and over the years has learned all the best tips and tricks to raising a difficult pet. A knowledge that she has put to good use, to help others navigate the limitless world of pet care.